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Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Riyadh as-Saaleheen: Helping the Poor - Advice to Women (Pt.13)



THE VIRTUE OF THE POOR AND
UNKNOWN
QUESTION: What’s the purpose of your life?
Look at the lives of the Prophets:
None of them were given the Dunya
Some of them were given the best of the Dunya none can ever obtain
Despite this, they lived simple lives and were not attached to the Dunya
‏‏واصبر نفسك مع الذين يدعون ربهم بالغداة والعشي يريدون وجهه ولا تعد عيناك عنهم‏
18:28
252-"Shall I not inform you about the people of Jannah? It is every person who is, modest and humble (before Allah), a person who is accounted weak and is looked down upon but if he adjures Allah, Allah will certainly give him what he desires. Now shall I not inform you about the inmates of Hell? It is every violent, impertinent and proud man".
-The people of Jannah are those who live for a greater purpose than that of the Dunya.
253-Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
A man passed by the Prophet (), so he asked a man who was sitting near him, "What is your opinion about this man?" That man replied: "He is one of the noblest men. By Allah he is certainly a proper person for (a girl) being given in marriage if he seeks to marry, and his recommendation is fit to be accepted if he recommends". Messenger of Allah () remained silent. Then another man passed. Messenger of Allah () enquired, "What is your opinion about this man?" He replied: "O Messenger of Allah, he is one of the poor Muslims. He is not a proper person (for a girl) to be given in marriage to, and his recommendation would not be accepted if he makes one; if he speaks, he is not to be listened to." Messenger of Allah () said, "He is better than the former by earthfuls".
From the worse of mindsets that most people have in relation to their wealth is that they feel that they have to compare themselves to others. 

The more the wealth an individual has, the higher level of status and nobility. 


His proposal to any woman would be accepted. If such a person attends a gathering, the audience hang on to his every word. This is the case even if he doesn’t spend a penny, but despite the fact that he has wealth, sufficient is this for his reputation and superiority to be affirmed. If he orders a command, they will not be reluctant to obey him. 
-Shaykh Sa’d ash-Shathri
254-There was a dispute between the Hell and Jannah. The Hell said: "The haughty and proud are my inmates." Jannah said: "The modest and the humble are my residents". Thereupon, Allah the Exalted and Glorious (addressing Jannah) said: "You are My Mercy, through you I shall show mercy to those whom I wish". (And addressing the Hell), He said: "You are (the means) of My punishment by which I shall punish such of My slaves as I wish and each one of you would have its fill".
Caution! It is possible that a person enters the blazing fire due to half a date, yes, just half a date!
Parellel to this, the Prophet [Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon him] has promised a great reward and the entering into Jannah to those those who vary in their degree with up to forty different stages. The lowest of them is a person who feeds milk from a sheep that he owns. Minor was his expenditure but multiplied is his reward. 
-Shaykh Sa’d ash-Shathri
255-"On the Day of Resurrection, there will be brought forth a bulky person whose value to Allah will be less than that of the wing of a mosquito".
256-Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
A black woman (or probably a young man) used to clean the mosque. Messenger of Allah () missed her (or him) and asked about her (or him). He was told that she (or he) had died. He () said, "Why did you not inform me?" (It seemed as if) they (Companions) considered the matter insignificant. Then he () said, "Show me her (or his) grave." When it was shown to him, he offered (Janazah-funeral) prayer over it and said, "These graves cover those in them with darkness, and Allah illumines them for the inmates as a result of my supplication for them".
257-"Many a person with shaggy and dusty hair, dusty and driven away from doors (because of their poverty and shabby clothes) were to swear by Allah (that something would happen), Allah will certainly make it happen".
258-"I stood at the gate of Jannah, and (I saw) that the majority of those who entered it are the poor, and the wealthy were kept confined. The inmates of the Fire had been ordered to (enter) the Fire (Hell), and I stood at the gate of Hell and saw that the majority of its inmates are women".
259-" He (Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him)) further reported Messenger of Allah () as saying, "There happened to pass by them a slave girl who was being beaten and they were saying: 'You have committed fornication and theft.' She was saying: 'Allah is enough for me and He is my Good Protector, and his mother said: 'O Allah, don't make my child like her.' He left sucking looked at her and said: 'O Allah! Make me like her.' It was followed by a conversation between the mother and the child. She said: 'A good looking man happened to pass by and I said: O Allah, make my child like him, and you said: O Allah, don't make me like him, and there passed a girl while they were beating her and saying: You committed fornication and theft, and I said: O Allah, don't make my child like her, and you said: O Allah, make me like her.' The child said: 'That man was a tyrant, and I said: O Allah don't make me like him; and they were saying about the girl: You committed fornication, whereas in fact she had not committed that and they were saying: You have committed theft, whereas she had not committed theft, so I said: O Allah, make me like her".
SHOWING EMPATHY TO ORPHANS AND ALL THOSE IN NEED - THE POOR, THE DISPLACED ETC.; BEING GOOD TO THEM AND SHOW EMPATHY AND HUMILITY TOWARDS THEM
‏واخفض جناحك للمؤمنين‏
15:88
 واصبر نفسك مع الذين يدعون ربهم بالغداة والعشي يريدون وجهه ولا تعد عيناك عنهم تريد زينة الحياة الدنيا‏‏ ‏
18:28
‏فأما اليتيم فلا تقهر وأما السائل فلا تنهر
93:9-10
‏أرأيت الذي يكذب بالدين‏.‏ فذلك الذي يدع اليتيم‏.‏ ولا يحض على طعام المسكين‏
107-1-3
262-"I will be like this in Jannah with the person who takes care of an orphan". Messenger of Allah () raised his forefinger and middle finger by way of illustration.
263-"He who takes care of an orphan, whether he is his relative or a stranger, will be in Jannah with me like these two". The narrator, Malik bin Anas raised his forefinger and middle finger for illustration.
264-"A Miskin (needy) is not the one who can be turned away with a date-fruit or two, or a morsel or two. The true Miskin is one who, despite his poverty, abstains from begging".
265-"One who strives to help the widows and the poor is like the one who fights in the way of Allah." The narrator said: I think that he () added also: "I shall regard him as the one who stands up (for prayer) without rest and as the one who observes fasts continuously".
266-"The worst food is the food of the marriage banquet from which those are left out who would like to come; and to which those are invited who refuse to come. He who rejects an invitation disobeys Allah and His Messenger".
267-"Whoever supports two girls till they attain maturity, he and I will come on the Day of Resurrection like this". Messenger of Allah () joined his fingers illustrating this.
268-'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
A woman came to me with her two daughters. She asked me (for charity) but she found nothing with me except one date-fruit, so I gave it to her. She accepted it and then divided it between her two daughters and herself ate nothing out of that. She then got up and went out. When Messenger of Allah () came in, and I narrated to him the story, he said, "He who is involved (in the responsibility) of (bringing up) daughters, and he is benevolent towards them, they would become protection for him against Hell-fire".
269-'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
A poor woman came to me carrying her two daughters. I gave her three date-fruits. She gave a date to each of them and then she took up one date-fruit and brought that to her mouth to eat, but her daughters asked her that also. She then divided between them the date-fruit that she intended to eat. This (kind) treatment of her impressed me and I mentioned that to Messenger of Allah () who said, 'Verily, Allah has assured Jannah for her, because of (this act) of her," or said, "He has rescued her from Hell- Fire".
270-"O Allah, I declare inviolable the rights of two weak ones: the orphans and women".
271-Sa'd considered himself better than his inferiors, so the Prophet () said to him, "You are given help and provision because of your weak ones".
272-"Seek among your weak ones, for you are given provision and help only because of the weak amongst you."

ADVICE TO WOMEN
The Companions used to ask about their responsibilities and the rights of dependants. Al-Baqarah has several examples.
They ask you (O Muhammad ) what they should spend.
2:215
And they ask you what they ought to spend
2:219
And they ask you concerning orphans
2:220
They ask you concerning menstruation
2:222
-Ibn Uthaymin

وعاشروهن بالمعروف
4:19

ولن تستطيعوا أن تعدلوا بين النساء ولو حرصتم فلا تميلوا كل الميل فتذروها كالمعلقة، وإن تصلحوا وتتقوا فإن اللَّه كان غفوراً رحيماً
4:129
273 – Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
Messenger of Allah () said: "Take my advice with regard to women: Act kindly towards women, for they were created from a rib, and the most crooked part of a rib is its uppermost. If you attempt to straighten it; you will break it, and if you leave it alone it will remain crooked; so act kindly toward women".

It’s upon the man to be patient, to seek what’s better and not to be hasty. He should adopt giving of advice and reminding until she becomes upright….You have been commanded to treat women amiably.
-Ibn Baz

274 –"Some of you beat your wives as if they were slaves, and then lie with them at the end of the day".

Meaning, treating them as if they are slaves or prisoners. There is no connection between man and wife in this scenario, whereas marriage must be built upon love, compassion and mutual understanding. Therefore, this narration prohibits anything which is vile in statement, action and in attitudes towards her.
How can a person be rude to his wife throughout the day and then at night he wants something from her, pretending to be compassionate?! He only wants to fulfil his desires and enjoy himself. Such an attitude doesn’t befit anyone with common sense let alone a believer.  
-Ibn Uthaymin
275 – "A believer must not hate (his wife) believing woman; if he dislikes one of her characteristics, he will be pleased with another"
A man must be just (about himself also). Justice is to proportionate good and bad habits, look at what is greater and what needs work on…
If she has been good or bad to you, don’t let that prevent you thinking about all the other good that she has done. Don’t limit one another’s favours to one another.
If her bad is greater than the good, then pardon and advise. Sacrifice some of your rights if need be.
-Ibn Uthaymin
276 – 'Amr bin Al-Ahwas Al-Jushami (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that he had heard the Prophet () saying on his Farewell Pilgrimage, after praising and glorifying Allah and admonishing people, "Treat women kindly, they have a degree of responsibility over you; you do not owe anything else from them. In case they are guilty of open indecency, then do not share their beds and beat them lightly but if they return to obedience, do not have recourse to anything else against them. You have rights over your wives and they have their rights over you. Your right is that they shall not permit anyone you dislike to enter your home, and their right is that you should treat them well in the matter of food and clothing".
Steps to marriage:
1-Work on yourself
2-Work on your family
3-Find a righteous partner
4-Meet and agree objectives
5-Get married and apply the above – seek to improve on step 1
6-Raise children and repeat the loop
277- Mu'awiyah bin Haidah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
I asked Messenger of Allah (): "What right can any wife demand of her husband?" He replied, "You should give her food when you eat, clothe her when you clothe yourself, not strike her on the face, and do not insult her or separate from her except in the house".
Most people (men and women) are the complete opposite of this. Most people ask but they don’t act. Had people known and implemented the Sharia properly then this would be a proof for him.
-Ibn Uthaymin
278- "The believers who show the most perfect Faith are those who have the best behaviour, and the best of you are those who are the best to their wives"
The best of those in Eman are those who have the best of manners and behaviour publicly, so how about privately. 
The word “manners” is comprehensive and it includes:
-Preventing harm
-Trying to be good towards others
-Being patient with the bad manners of others and in whatever happens to him.
-Ibn Uthaymin

279- Messenger of Allah () said, "Do not beat Allah's bondwomen." When 'Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) came to Messenger of Allah () and complained saying: "The women have become very daring towards their husbands," He () gave permission to beat them. Then many women went to the family of the Messenger of Allah (wives) complaining of their husbands, and he (the Prophet ()) said, "Many women have gone round Muhammad's family complaining of their husbands. Those who do so, that is, those who take to beating their wives, are not the best among you".

This is best explained by another statement of his:

Narrated from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) that a man came to him wanting to divorce his wife, and when ‘Umar asked him about the reason for that, he said that he did not love her. ‘Umar replied: Are families not built on anything but love. 
‘Umar also asked a woman whether she felt hatred towards her husband? She said: Yes. ‘Umar said to her: One of you should lie (about their feelings) and be patient. Not every family is built on love, but on good treatment on the basis of lineage and Islam. 

280- "The world is but a (quick passing) enjoyment; and the best enjoyment of the world is a pious and virtuous woman".
This summarises all of the above: if you are good with one another and work with one another, there is nothing better having one another in the home that you have built with each other.
Piety refers to Eman but it also refers to knowledge and health. This will reproduce a new generation of a bright and intelligent children, who are pious and have the best of upbringing.
-Ibn Uthaymin

RIGHTS OF THE HUSBAND
الرِّجَالُ قَوَّامُونَ عَلَى النِّسَاء بِمَا فَضَّلَ اللَّهُ بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ وَبِمَا أَنفَقُواْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ فَالصَّالِحَاتُ قَانِتَاتٌ حَافِظَاتٌ لِّلْغَيْبِ بِمَا حَفِظَ اللَّهُ
4:34
-The man is commanded to look after the family.
-It is permitted for women to work and contribute but it is not obligated upon.
QUESTION:
Despite this, Islam has strict laws on what women wear and mixing between the genders, why is this?
-Islam is not about economy and socialising alone – its about being responsible and building.
-Had we all been instructed to work, the above framework be lost.
281- "When a man calls his wife to his bed, and she does not respond and he (the husband) spends the night angry with her, the angels pray against her until morning".
1-Not only do have men have a great deal of responsibility, women also have a great share of responsibility towards their husbands also.
2-This Hadith only applies if the husband is upholding the framework and she becomes sinful for trying to break it.
Look what Allah says about the man if he breaks it:
الَّذِينَ يَبْخَلُونَ )أي: يمنعون ما عليهم من الحقوق الواجبة (وَيَأْمُرُونَ النَّاسَ بِالْبُخْلِ وَيَكْتُمُونَ مَا آتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ مِن فَضْلِهِ )ويظهرون لهم من الباطل ما يحول بينهم وبين الحق (وَأَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَذَابًا مُّهِينًا
)ثم أخبر عن النفقة الصادرة عن رياء وسمعة وعدم إيمان به (وَالَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمْ رِئَاء النَّاسِ وَلاَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَلاَ بِالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَمَن يَكُنِ الشَّيْطَانُ لَهُ قَرِينًا فَسَاء قَرِينًا
4:37-38

282- "It is not lawful for a woman to observe (voluntary) fasting without the permission of her husband when he is at home; and she should not allow anyone to enter his house without his permission.".
-Even acts of worship can’t disrupt the framework.
283- "All of you are guardians and are responsible for your subjects. The ruler is a guardian of his subjects, the man is a guardian of his family, the woman is a guardian and is responsible for her husband's house and his offspring; and so all of you are guardians and are responsible for your subjects."
-All of you have a responsibility to learn, implement and preserve the framework.
284- "When a man calls his wife to satisfy his desire, she must go to him even if she is occupied with the oven".
All forms of disrepute between must be prevented, even if either party is busy. It is obligatory for Muslims to stop any kind of discord from appearing.
-Ibn Uthaymin
285- "If I were to order anyone to prostrate himself before another, I would have ordered a woman to prostrate herself before her husband".
-Some of our best memories from when we were little is when there were happiness, stability and both mother and father loved one another.
From our worst memories are the opposite.
All of this affects the individual and this WILL affect society.
286- "Any woman dies while her husband is pleased with her, she will enter Jannah".
287- "Whenever a woman harms her husband in this world (that is without any due right), his wife among the (Houris in Jannah) says: 'You must not harm him. May Allah destroy you! He is only a passing guest with you and is about to leave you to come to us".
-The great reward for both parties for preserving the framework.
-The severity of the punishment for both parties for removing or harming the framework.
288- "I am not leaving behind me a more harmful trial for men than women".
Some people’s test and path to Jannah is how they fulfil their desires and how they interact with their families. For others, this is easy and their test is elsewhere. Whatever be the persons test, a person can rarely be isolated from being part of the framework.
And Allah Knows best

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Ascension to the first sky.

Ascension to the first sky.

-from the lofty manners of the Prophet on the night of Mi'raj was to ask permission before seeking to entering Jannah and its beauties.
-It's Mustahab to seek to meet pious people and get good tidings from them and hear their pieces of advice and gain their Du'a for you. 
-It's permissible to praise people to their faces if there is a benefit if they are safe from Fitnah. 
-Ibrahim leaning against Bayt al-Ma'moor is proof that it's permitted to turn ones back to the Qiblah and even lean against it, Qaadhee.
-As-Sidr al-Muntaha is a tree that where the knowledge of the Angels end (Muntaha), no one has gone past it except the Messenger of Allaah, as was stated by Ibn Mas'ood.

Sharh Sahih Muslim of an-Nawawi, 2/ 232-257

Wednesday, January 09, 2019

Riyadh as-Saaleheen: Concealing Faults - Reconciliation (Pt.12)


-Trait of a Muslim: Concealing & Not Exposing

This leads to…

-Coming to the Aid of Your Brother/Sister
-Interceding on Their Behalf

If there are problems…

-Intercession

CONCEALING THE FAULTS OF THE MUSLIMS AND EXPOSING THEM ONLY IN DIRE NEED

Al-Khaleel ibn Ahmad was walking with a companion of his when his companion’s shoe broke, so he carried his shoes and walked barefoot. Al-Khaleel took off his own shoes and carried them and walked barefoot. His companion asked him why he was doing that, and he said, “I am showing sympathy for you in your being barefoot.”
Do not think badly of a word uttered by your brother, when you can find a good interpretation for it
-Umar al-Khattab

Whoever puts shame on his brother because of his sin that he has repented from, he will not die except that Allaah will make the very same sin as a test for the accuser
-al-Hasan al-Basri

'If you hear anything about your brother, then seek an excuse for him, if you do not find any then say 'It might be that he has an excuse.'
-Ibn Sirin


The believer conceals and advises whereas the sinner exposes and shames.
Al-Fudayl bin Ayyad

Whenever a man would see something from his brother that he dislikes, he would give him orders in private and forbid him in private. Conversely, he would be rewarded for him screening his brother and also rewarded for forbidding the evil. 

As for today, whenever a man sees what he dislikes he angers his brother AND unveils his screen"
-Ibn Mubarak




24:19


Anything that harms the believer, as little as a word, is Haram
-al-Qurtubi

240-"Allah will cover up on the Day of Resurrection the defects (faults) of the one who covers up the faults of the others in this world".

241-"Every one of my followers will be forgiven except those who expose (openly) their wrongdoings. An example of this is that of a man who commits a sin at night which Allah has covered for him, and in the morning, he would say (to people): "I committed such and such sin last night,' while Allah had kept it a secret. During the night Allah has covered it up but in the morning he tears up the cover provided by Allah Himself."

Al-Manaawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
Because people indulge in gossip and may accuse others of something that has no basis. 
Seeking out suspected faults may lead to the very faults that he wants to remove. 
To sum up: The Lawgiver seeks to conceal wherever possible. 
Fayd al-Qadeer (1/559)

242- "When a slave-girl commits fornication and this fact of fornication has become evident, she must be given the penalty of (fifty) lashes without hurling reproaches at her; if she does it again, she must be given the penalty but she should not be rebuked. If she does it for the third time, he should sell her, even for a rope woven from hair (i.e., something worthless)".

243-Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
A man who had drunk wine was brought to the Prophet () and he asked us to beat him; some struck him with their hands, some with their garments (making a whip) and some with their sandals. When he (the drunkard) had gone, some of the people said: "May Allah disgrace you!" He (the Prophet ()) said, "Do not say so. Do not help the devil against him".

Some of the Salaf used to be asked, “Shall I tell you of an error of such and such person?” They would reply, “If you want to tell me in order to disgrace him, then no.”

Disgracing and defaming others because of the sins they commit has been prohibited against by the Prophet [Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon him]. An adulteress was once lashed with the capital punishment of illegal sexual intercourse and he [Peace and Blessings of Allaah be upon him] forbade anybody critising or disgracing her on account of her sin

-Ibn Rajab


COMING TO THE NEED OF A MUSLIM

22:77
244-"A Muslim is a brother of (another) Muslim, he neither wrongs him nor does hand him over to one who does him wrong. If anyone fulfills his brother's needs, Allah will fulfill his needs; if one relieves a Muslim of his troubles, Allah will relieve his troubles on the Day of Resurrection; and if anyone covers up a Muslim (his sins), Allah will cover him up (his sins) on the Resurrection Day".

245-"He who removes from a believer one of his difficulties of this world, Allah will remove one of his troubles on the Day of Resurrection; and he who finds relief for a hard-pressed person, Allah will make things easy for him on the Day of Resurrection; he who covers up (the faults and sins) of a Muslim, Allah will cover up (his faults and sins) in this world and in the Hereafter. Allah supports His slave as long as the slave is supportive of his brother; and he who treads the path in search of knowledge, Allah makes that path easy, leading to Jannah for him; the people who assemble in one of the houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah, learning it and teaching, there descends upon them the tranquillity, and mercy covers them, the angels flock around them, and Allah mentions them in the presence of those near Him; and he who lags behind in doing good deeds, his noble lineage will not make him go ahead."

The believer to another believer is like two hands[1]. One of the hands has a stubborn stain on it and the stain can only be removed if the other hand rubs it with robustness and vigour. However, it must use a gentle cleaning agent, something soft so that the tough stain will dissolve by it. 

-Ibn Taymiyyah


INTERCESSION
4:85

Pause: How can a person be interceded for if he doesn’t deserve it?

246-Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
Whenever a needy person would come to the Prophet (), he would turn to those who were present and say, "If you make intercession for him, you will be rewarded, because Allah decreed what He likes by the tongue of His Messenger".

247-Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah bepleased with them), reported in connection with the case of Barirah (May Allah bepleased with her) and her husband:
The Prophet () said to her, "It is better for you to go back to your husband." She asked: "O Messenger of Allah, do you order me to do so." He replied, "I only intercede" She then said: "I have no need for him".

Kindness (in speech) ensures that the bond will last longer and makes love stronger, and it increases and multiplies love, and brings people together, thus the Muslims will be united, and troubles and grudges will be dispelled. This is one of the good features of Islam. End quote. 

-al-Manawi

RECONCILING BETWEEN PEOPLE

4:114

‏{‏والصلح خير‏}
4:128

8:1

49:10
248-"On every joint of man, there is charity, on everyday when the sun rises: doing justice between two men is charity, and assisting a man to ride an animal or to load his luggage on it is charity; and a good word is charity, every step which one takes towards (the mosque for) Salat is charity, and removing harmful things from the way is charity".


Creating harmony and unity between Muslims creates rectification for the whole community, without neglecting anyone. Positivity when interacting and dealing with others is from the greatest of favours one can be blessed with. Not only this, this extoled characteristic creates a solution for the disagreements and disputes that may exist between the Muslims. So unification of Muslims (upon its conditions) not only is something beneficial in its very essence, but it can be used to rid the Muslim community of anything that contravenes it and once all negativity is uprooted, only positive outcomes remain.
-Ibn Rajab


249-'The person who (lies) in order to conciliate between people is not a liar, when he conveys good or says (something) good".

We observe here that even lying, a sin in origin, is permitted if one is trying to create harmony. Moreover, it is not only permitted rather one is rewarded for the pursuit of unity.
-Ibn Rajab


250-'Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported:
Messenger of Allah () heard the voices of altercation of two disputants at the door; both the voices were quite loud. One was asking the other to make his debts little (so that he could pay them) and was pleading with him to show leniency to him, whereupon the (other one) said: "By Allah, I will not do that". Then there came Messenger of Allah () to them and said, "Where is he who swore by Allah that he would not do good?" He said: "O Messenger of Allah, it is me. Now he may do as he desires".

251-Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:
There was some quarrel among the members of Banu 'Amr bin 'Auf. Messenger of Allah () went with some of his Companions to bring about peace between them and he was detained. The time for Salat approached and Bilal (May Allah be pleased with them) went to Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) and said to him: "Messenger of Allah () has got late and it is the time for Salat. Will you lead Salat?" He said: "Yes, if you desire". Bilal (May Allah be pleased with him) proclaimed the Adhan and then pronounced Iqamah. Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) stepped forward and commenced As- Salat. (He recited Takbir and the people followed him). In the meantime, Messenger of Allah () arrived and, passing through the rows, took his stand in the first row. The people started clapping. It was the habit of Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) that whenever he started praying, he would never look round. He paid no heed (to the clapping). When the clapping increased, he turned round and saw Messenger of Allah (). He (the Prophet ()) beckoned him to continue performing Salat. But Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) raised his hands and praised Allah. Then he retreated, taking his steps backwards. When Messenger of Allah () saw that, he went ahead and led Salat. When he finished Salat, he faced the congregation and said, "Why do you clap when something happens during the Salat. Clapping is only for women. If something happens in the course of Salat you should say, Subhan Allah. It is bound to attract attention. And you, Abu Bakr, what prevented you from carrying on with Salat, after I beckoned to do so?" He said, "It was not becoming for the son of Abu Quhafah to lead Salat in the presence of Messenger of Allah ()".

One of the last things that the Prophet saw was the Salat being established and the unity of the companions, so he smiled
-Ibn Hajar


And Allah Knows best